The question of personal gender differences is a constant debate, from the point of time to the day, and not months from American psychiatrist John Gray’s 1992 book men from Mars and Women from Venus, which addresses the gender differences that result from their personal differences.
According to psychologist Mark Travers, a PhD, in an article published on the psychological Today site, most psychologists agree that there are consistent, predictable personal differences between the sexes, so that a study published in the Journal of personality, 2019, I found that knowing the personal characteristics of an individual, without knowing their gender, made it possible to guess their gender correctly in about 85% of the time.
Although there are some psychological differences between men and women, which can be observed with the naked eye. For example, it can be noted that women are often warmer and more sensitive, while men are more assertive; however, there are some less well-known differences between the sexes found in recent scientific studies, 5 of which are:
First: revulsion expressions
According to a paper published in Emotion in 2019, which aimed to measure the degree to which men and women accurately recognize facial expressions of sentiment, displayed in a series of images, researchers found that women were significantly better at recognizing especially repulsive expressions.
Researchers explained that women are the ones who have children, and thus have a high sensitivity to potential pollutants in their environment; therefore, they may be more susceptible to identifying signs of revulsion. On the contrary, men show less revulsion as a way to emphasize their strength and their journey.
Second: A sense of loneliness
The module image about feeling the unit increases as we age. We start living with a broad social network. Over time, people go all the way, and friends and acquaintances are hard to find; but does the stereotype match reality?
A study published in 2020, in Journal of personality and Social Psychology, examined the evolution of a sense of unity across different stages of life. Researchers found that the path of loneliness over life depends on the sex of the person, as men suffered from a growing sense of unity in the middle of life, while women suffer from a sense of unity in old age.
Third: Women’s time
In a study by researchers from Barcelona University in Spain, published in 2019, I found that men spend a larger part of the day doing leisure activities than women. The results of the study were based on a sample of 869 men and women between the ages of 18 and 24. Researchers have asked them to report the amount of time they spend on various recreational activities such as watching TV, hobbies, communicating with family and friends, playing sports, attending cultural events, or organizing home parties.
According to the results, men in the Mediterranean are practicing about 113 minutes of daily recreational activities, while women spend about 101 minutes. This may not seem like a big difference; it accumulates over time. At this rate, men spend an extra hour and a half a week, or an extra 70 hours a year, doing more leisure activities than women.
According to the same study, women feel much higher levels of satisfaction than men, while men have more leisure time than women, women actually have more leisure activities than men.
Another study by a team of psychologists led by Brianka Joshi of San Francisco State University examined the degree of dependence of men and women on “communicative abstraction” to convey their ideas and feelings orally. The meta-abstraction, according to researchers, reflects people’s tendency to use “abstract speech, which focuses on the broader picture and ultimate goal of the act; rather than concrete speech, which focuses on the details and means of achieving the act.”
Researchers found that men are talking just more than women, and Joshi and her team, in the 2020 study, say that “one gender difference, indicated, in their own words is women’s tendency to talk about details, and men’s inclination to talk about the bigger picture.”
“Through a series of six studies, we found that men communicate more abstrtly than women,” she says.
Fifth: Personal differences
Psychologists typically use five broad features to describe people’s personalities, namely, acceptance, openness to experience, kinship, and conscience.
A recent study published in Personal and Social Psychology in November 2020 applied these five personality traits to girls and boys, aged 9-13 years, in order to understand the personality characteristics and differences between girls and boys during these formative years. Researchers have noted two major differences.
The results showed that adolescent girls enjoyed higher levels of “conscience” than males. Females have also shown an increase in awareness from 9 to 13 years of age than males.